Following is a brief objective assessment of how the horse-racing pari-mutuel industry has fared in the United States over the past decade, stands currently, and looks for the future.

The dollar figures used are adjusted for inflation and are stated in 2007 dollars.  For example, in 2016, the nominal or reported pari-mutuel handle was $10.735 billion but the real handle, when adjusted to 2007 dollars, was $9.222 billion.

U. S. Handle 2007-2016           No. of Races Run  Per-Race Handle
(in billions of 2007 dollars)

2016     9.222                                       38,284                   240,884
2015     9.338                                       38,941                   239,799
2014     9.241                                       41,276                   223,883
2013    9.681                                        43,139                   224,414
2012    9.827                                        45,086                   217,961
2011    9.927                                        45,417                   218,575
2010   10.858                                       46,379                   234,115
2009   11.902                                       49,368                   241,087
2008   13.157                                       50,170                   262,248
2007   14.725                                       51,304                   287,015

2007-2016 results in pari-mutuel handle = -37.4% in inflation-adjusted dollars

2007-2016 results in number of races run = -25.4%

2007-2016 results in revenue per race = -16.1% in inflation-adjusted dollars


  • The U. S. pari-mutuel industry continued its long-term secular downward trend over the past decade.  Like most other enterprises, horse racing was hard hit by the worldwide financial meltdown of 2008; it never recovered to pre-crisis levels.  A major concern is that the percentage decline in pari-mutuel handle greatly exceeded the percentage decline in number of races run.
  • In the past three years, the industry appears to have almost stabilized in terms of both pari-mutuel handle and number of races run, but it is too soon to tell for sure. The question going forward is whether pari-mutuel handle will remain stagnant or grow faster than the rate of inflation in the economy.  To a large extent, the answer to this question depends on how aggressively–and how skillfully–racetracks and online betting outlets market horse racing.  With casino-oriented organizations in charge of most major racetracks, this may be a detriment to growth.  Casino companies are expert marketers, especially in terms of customer-rewards programs, but it is doubtful that most of them will aggressively promote horse racing, with the exception of the Triple Crown races and to a lesser extent the Breeders’ Cup.
  • A potential regulatory development that should boost handle is the modernization of IRS rules on tax withholding and reporting.  At this writing, modernization looks to be feasible.

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