Governor Ted Strickland of Ohio, a Democrat, was steadfastly opposed to expanded gambling in the Buckeye state as recently as June 2009. Since his election in 2006, he has promised to veto any bill that the legislature might send him permitting racetrack slots. In addition, he campaigned against a 2008 ballot initiative that would have installed a casino in Clinton County. The Ohio Senate, with the Republicans in the majority, has also opposed alternative gaming, while the Ohio House has supported racetrack slots since the Democrats gained control in 2008. The Ohio State Racing Commission, whose members are all Strickland appointees, have strongly supported racetrack slots.
With a huge budget deficit and a looming cut in state services, Strickland had a 180 degree change of mind if not of heart. In a compromise agreement with Senate Republicans to break a budget deadlock, the legislature crafted language enabling the governor to permit Ohio’s seven racetracks to each install 2,500 video lottery terminals. The operation is to be under the auspices of the Ohio Lottery Commission.
This rapid turn of events has created flux and questions and the fallout is likely to greatly affect the fate of racing entities in Ohio and states surrounding it. The many “what ifs” and “what will they do” would perplex a soothsayer in predicting how things will eventually shake out. Here are the major contingencies.
1. The governor and the legislature are about to be challenged in court, mainly on the basis that any expansion of gambling must be sanctioned by Ohio voters in a statewide referendum. A nonprofit named the Ohio Roundtable and a couple of church groups have already promised as much. Ironically, the United Methodist Church is a leader in the anti-slots movement and Governor Strickland is an ordained Methodist minister. The Ohio Supreme Court may quickly dismiss legal objections or the justices might agree with the plaintiffs. Even if the constitutional authority of the governor and the legislature is ultimately upheld, the case could drag on. Moreover, there is the possibility that the antigambling forces will sponsor and win a statewide vote repealing the work of the governor and legislature. In that event, racetracks would have to give up slots and take a heavy loss in the process owing to the machines that were purchased and the facilities that were remodeled or built from scratch to accommodate slots.
2. A casino initiative is planned for Ohio for the November 2009 ballot. It would allow for a total of four casinos–in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo–and 20,000 slot machines. A key player is Dan Gilbert, who is the founder of Michigan-based Quicken Loans and the majority owner of the Cleveland Cavaliers NBA franchise. Should the casino referendum be approved, then the quasi-geographical monopoly on slots enjoyed by the racetracks would disappear. Six of Ohio’s seven racetracks are located in the metropolitan areas of Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, and Toledo and the other track, Lebanon Raceway, is considering a move to near Dayton. The racetracks would still have a lucrative franchise, just not as valuable.
3. Prior to the slots authorization by the governor and the legislature, Penn National Gaming (owner of Raceway Park harness track in Toledo and an Indiana casino near Cincinnati) was reported to be in favor of the November casino initiative. Now, with its harness track in line for slots, Penn National Gaming’s top management has a decision to make regarding supporting or not supporting the November ballot initiative. (Penn National Gaming hugely funded the campaign to defeat the 2008 ballot referendum on the casino in Clinton County because it would have competed against its Indiana casino.) Interestingly, Penn National Gaming did not join with management of the other six Ohio racetracks when they recently wrote to Governor Strickland to embrace his slots plan. If Penn National Gaming assists in funding a winning marketing campaign for passage of the casino ballot initiative and then does not secure the casino license for Toledo, it will have seeded competition for its own racetrack.
4. MTR Gaming Group owns Mountaineer Casino Racetrack and Resort in Chester, West Virginia, Presque Isle Downs and Casino in Erie, Pennsylvania, and Scioto Downs (harness track) in the Columbus, Ohio, area. MTR Gaming Group is no doubt opposed to the proposed November Ohio casino ballot issue. On the other hand, the slots authorization is a two-edged sword. Scioto Downs will gain slots but MTR Gaming Group’s West Virginia and Pennsylvania properties will be damaged financially by slots at Cleveland’s Thistledown (Thoroughbreds) and Northfield Park (Standardbreds). MTR Gaming Group’s racinos in Chester and Erie are very dependent on Ohio customers. Whether stock market investors see slots in Ohio as a net gain or a net loss for MTR Gaming Group looks to be the former. On July 10, 2009, the day when Governor Strickland and the legislature came to an agreement on slots, MTR Gaming’s stock opened at $2.35 per share and closed at $3.48 per share for a 48% gain.
5. River Downs in Cincinnati could be a big winner and Kentucky’s racing industry a big loser. River Downs is only 14.7 miles away from Kentucky’s Turfway Park, across the Ohio River, 90 miles from Keeneland, and 107 miles from Churchill Downs. A racino at River Downs might be the death knell for Turfway Park (thanks to the gift from the Kentucky Senate in keeping slots out of Kentucky) as racing and slots customers in the Cincinnati metroplex, including Northern Kentucky, gravitate to the River Downs racino. At the moment it is uncertain how much Ohio purses will be augmented by slots. If the horsemen are treated well and purses increase dramatically, then convenient River Downs will likely be a favored place for Kentucky stables to race. Incredibly, a down-on-its-luck River Downs reinvigorated by slots could detract significantly from the quality of summer racing at Churchill Downs. Think about the lure to sports and racing fans from Louisville and Lexington of a day at River Downs followed by a Cincinnati Reds game at night.
6. Thistledown near Cleveland is soon to be auctioned off by the bankrupt Magna Entertainment Corporation. Suddenly, with the prospect of slots, Thistledown’s market value has escalated. Thistledown is likely to recover from the verge of extinction to become a healthy going concern once it is able to compete on more even terms with racinos at Mountaineer Casino Racetrack and Resort (which has both slots and table games) and Presque Isle Downs and Casino. However, a buyer has to value Thistledown not knowing whether a new casino is coming to Cleveland, depending on how the November ballot comes out.
7. The Cleveland-area racetracks–Northfield Park and Thistledown–are within seven miles of one another and the Columbus-area racetracks–Beulah Park and Scioto downs–are nine miles apart. This proximity should assure a battle royal. If Ohio voters in November 2009 approve casinos for Cleveland and Columbus, the competition will escalate even more.
8. Assuming that the slots installations are not slowed by legal challenges, how soon the racetracks can get them up and running remains to be seen. The governor’s goal is to have them functioning by at least May 2010 so that the state can apply its slots revenues to the budget, which would be much quicker than other states (e.g., Pennsylvania) were able to do so. One of the racetracks is planning on temporarily housing slots in its grandstand while it builds a state-of-the-art slots/hotel complex adjacent to the track. It ambitiously wants to have slots open to the public by the end of 2009.
How these matters turn out should have a profound effect on horse racing in Ohio and contiguous states. Fortunes will be enhanced and impaired in the process.
Copyright © 2009 Horse Racing Business
Specifics of the slots legislation:
• Each racetrack must pay a $100,000 nonrefundable application fee and a $65 million licensing fee. The first payment on the licensing fee is due in mid-September 2009 with four installments thereafter.
• Licenses will be awarded for a 10-year period. A racetrack must agree to make at least $80 million in facility improvements within the first five years of operating slots. The initial year’s investment must be at least $20 million.
• Half of the net revenues generated by the slots will go to the state of Ohio, which is one of the largest percentage cuts in the United States. Part of the state’s revenues will be used to cover operational costs and the remainder will go to school funding. Horsemen’s groups will negotiate directly with racetracks to determine the portion of slots revenues that will go to purses.